Coffee is a popular drink that is consumed of millions of people around the world. The coffee beans grow on trees in small clusters where they appear red or green when they are ready for harvest. Once the beans are harvested, the pulp is removed. The pulp can be removed by wet or dry methods. The coffee beans are roasted and different flavours can be added.
In spite of all the forms and shapes in which it may come, there are two main types of coffee. This includes Arabica and robusta coffee. Although there may be several other different varieties of the plant, Arabica and robusta are the most commercial species. The essence of growing good coffee is for the soil to be moist but well drained.
Arabica is the most common type of coffee, making at most 60% of the world’s supply of coffee. Unlike other coffee types that have two chromosome sets, this coffee has four chromosomes. Sometimes the taste of this coffee will change depending on where it was grown. For example, those grown in Ethiopia smell like berries while those grown in Central America have a chocolaty smell.Arabica will grow well at low altitudes
This type of coffee grows well at very low altitudes and their taste is not as good as that of Arabica. Nevertheless, many people feel the issue of taste is a matter of personal likes and dislikes. High quality beans from this type of coffee are mostly used to make premium blends of espresso like the Nespresso capsules. Since it is hard to find quality beans in this species, it is mostly used to as a mix in other products. Robusta has higher caffeine content than Arabica.
How is the coffee roasted?
Coffee beans will mostly be green before they are roasted and they will become brown after they are roasted. The main reason why coffee is roasted is so it can last longer on the shelves. This mainly so that it can go through the distribution process and still be in good shape. The roasting level can be light to dark. Coffee that is light is more acidic. There are different levels of roasting which can be Italian dark French, cinnamon and a host of others.
Some versions of coffee are made by removing the caffeine from the coffee. The only problem with decaffeinated coffee is that the caffeine which is what gives coffee is characteristic smell is removed. One way to remove the caffeine from coffee is by putting it in hot water and a solvent is used to remove the caffeine. However, it is only true that there is no coffee that is absolutely free of caffeine.